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Constitutional Interpretation

Engaging Belhar



Listen to a podcast on the Confession of Belhar

Marc Van Bulck of Cringe interviewed J Herbert Nelson, Denise Anderson, Charles Wiley, and Amy Snow about the adoption of the Confession of Belhar to the Book of Confessions.

The 222nd General Assembly (2016) approved an amendment to the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)'s Book of Confessions that added the Confession of Belhar English (PDF) Español (PDF) 한국어 (PDF)

*This is the final version. Other resources may use a previous version.

View the final Assembly action
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 The adoption of Belhar at the 222nd General Assembly (2016)

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The Confession of Belhar and the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)

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  • A Day on the Belhar Confession: A one day seminar examining the Belhar Confession

  • There are a variety of ways to use this workshop design. One suggestion: when learning with large groups, gather in the large group for singing hymns, prayers, and presentation of material and separate into small groups of 6-8 persons for reading and discussion.
    A workshop design for the Confession of Belhar

  • The Confession of Belhar was written as a protest against a heretical theological stance by the white Dutch Reformed Church that used the Bible and the Confessions to justify the harsh and unjust system of Apartheid.
    Belhar Confession historical context by Jack Rogers

  • Dawid Kuyler, General Secretary of the Uniting Reformed Church in Southern Africa, engaged in a dialogue on the Confession of Belhar during a workshop at the Polity Conference of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.).
    Watch the video

  • Vernon Broyles, a volunteer serving in the Office of the Stated Clerk of the General Assembly, shared his thoughts on the Confession of Belhar during the annual Polity Conference of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). Prior to his work as a volunteer Broyles served in the Social Justice area of the General Assembly Council, now the Presbyterian Mission Agency.
    Watch the video

Worship Resources

These worship resources have been compiled by the Special Committee on the Confession of Belhar for use in worship in congregations and the councils of the church.

More information: